Puteri Gunung Ledang

Puteri Gunung Ledang one-sheet poster.
Directed by Saw Teong Hin
Produced by Shazalli Ramly
Written by Mamat Khalid
Teong Hin Saw
Starring M. Nasir
Adlin Aman Ramlee
Tiara Jacquelina
Music by M. Nasir
Yan Wei Tan
Cinematography Jason Kwan
Editing by Kate James
Release date(s) 2004
Running time 145 minutes
Country Malaysia
Language Malay
Budget $4,000,000 USD (est.)

Puteri Gunung Ledang is a 2004 Malaysian epic fantasy period film directed by Saw Teong Hin and based on a Malay legend about a Princess who lived on top of Gunung Ledang and a Malaccan Sultan’s effort to court her. The film stars Tiara Jacquelina, M. Nasir and Adlin Aman Ramlie, and is produced by Shazalli Ramly.


  • 1 Development
  • 2 Production
  • 3 Plot
  • 4 Awards
  • 5 Adaptation



Mamat Khalid pitched the original idea of creating a love story between the Princess of Mount Ledang and legendary warrior Hang Tuah for a television series called Hikayat. When Tiara Jacquelina heard his story, she stopped him from pursuing the project, insisting that the story was “too good” for television.[1] The story was eventually expanded into a film project.


Produced at a cost of USD $4 million, it was the first big-budget Malaysian movie.


Set in the late 15th century Sultanate of Malacca and the Javanese kingdom of Majapahit, against a backdrop of war and mysticism, the film is about the forbidden romance that blossomed between Gusti Putri, a Javanese Hindu princess, and Hang Tuah, the famed Malay Muslim warrior from Melaka.

Gusti Putri Retno Dumillah (Tiara Jacquelina), a princess of the Majapahit Kingdom, has fallen in love with one of Malaccan warrior Hang Tuah (M. Nasir). The Princess leaves her assigned palace life without the consent of her king, travelling to Mount Ledang in the hopes of being reunited with her beloved.

Soon after the princess’ parting, Majapahit is attacked by the Kingdom of Demak. Desperate to quell the invasion, Gusti Putri’s brother and King, Gusti Adipati Handaya Ningrat (Alex Komang), offers his sister’s hand in marriage to the Prince of Demak. Her absence renders this solution impossible. The King’s only hope for security is to forge an alliance with the Malaccan Sultanate by offering his sister’s hand in marriage to Sultan Mahmud Shah of Malacca.

Hang Tuah is ordered to head the royal delegation to present the royal proposal to Gusti Putri. The warrior leads the convoy up Mount Ledang. Gusti Adipati is angry that Hang Tuah is getting in his way and invokes supernatural powers to combat him. Despite his supernatural prowess, he is defeated by Hang Tuah and his magical Taming Sari kris. The injured Gusti Adipati expresses that the fate of his country is more important than love, and Hang Tuah’s meddling has destroyed his only hope of saving his people. The guilty Hang Tuah resigns from his post as Admiral and cast his Taming Sari kris into the river, never to be found again.

After a fleeting reunion, the Princess is aware that her beloved’s foremost duty is that of a warrior. Despite confessing his love for her, Hang Tuah will not forsake the Sultan’s wishes. Brokenhearted, she agrees to marry the Sultan on the proviso that he is able to fulfill seven prohibitive conditions:

  • A bridge made of pure gold from Malacca to Mount Ledang;
  • Another bridge made of pure silver from Mount Ledang to Malacca;
  • Seven trays (dulang) of the hearts of mosquitoes;
  • Seven trays (dulang) of the hearts of the germs;
  • Seven jars (tempayan) of the juice of young betel nuts (Note: Young betel nuts do not have juice);
  • Seven jars (tempayan) of the tears of the virgins
  • One bowl of blood from his fondest and only son, Sultan Ahmad.

When the Sultan learns of the Princess’ prohibitive conditions, he is more determined to marry her. But before he can draw blood from his son, a mental projection of Gusti Putri appears before him, explaining that her conditions were in fact an indirect refusal of his proposal. The angered Sultan plants a curse on her, stating that from next sunlight whomsoever sees the princess will die coughing blood.

Hang Tuah, having heard of the curse of the Sultan from the Bendahara, rushes to Mount Ledang to see her one last time. He only arrives after the sun has risen, but Gusti Putri reveals herself to him. It is unknown what their final fate will be.


Tiara Jacquelina won the “Best Actress” category at the 50th Asia Pacific Film Festival, as well as the “Best Producer” award at the inaugural Asian Festival of First Films in Singapore (2005).

This film was selected as Malaysia’s official entry for the 2005 Academy Awards, and was in the running for the Best Foreign Film Award.


The Legend of Gunung Ledang is set during the rule of Sultan Mahmud. At this time, Hang Tuah was already an old man at the end of his career, for he had begun his royal service during the reign of Sultan Mansur, who was Sultan Mahmud’s grandfather. The film modifies this by making Hang Tuah still a physically capable man.

The most notable change to the film is that the original legend does not feature any romantic relationship between Hang Tuah and the Princess of Gunung Ledang. In some versions of the tale, Hang Tuah did not even make it to the peak of Mount Ledang, for he was already ailing in health. The man who made it to the peak and presented the proposal in Hang Tuah’s stead is a young warrior named Tun Mamat. The Puteri was also never subject to any curse from the Sultan, for she was the one who rejected him, not the other way round as depicted in the film.

Relatively minor changes are that the Princess is a Majapahit human princess with supernatural abilities, while in the legend she is not of this world.


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